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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 98-104

Application of computed radiography in the quality assurance of linear accelerators in radiotherapy

Department of Radiation Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Saravanan Kandasamy
Department of Radiation Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, JIPMER, Puducherry - 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/oji.oji_34_20

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Introduction: The two mechanisms, optical and radiation fields, operate individually and independently in a Linear Accelerator and cause changes with respect to each other. The standard method for performing the quality assurance (QA) test in radiotherapy involves the irradiation of a radiographic film. In this study, we made an attempt to examine how we could maximize the benefit from an impending filmless environment in the radiotherapy QA program. Aim: The aim is to study the feasibility of using computed radiographs (CRs) in the radiotherapy QA program. Materials and Methods: In this study, the QA tests were performed in Linear accelerators Clinac 600c and Clinac iX, both from Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, which was commissioned during September 2004 and July 2011, respectively, were used. Optical and radiation field congruence, radiation isocenter for the gantry, collimator, and couch rotational axis verification, in two linear accelerators were done using gafchromic (EBT3) films and CRs. The standard Gafchromic® EBT3 film, utilized for routine QA were used. The errors estimated were compared and analyzed. Results: The mean error estimated in the QA with both linear accelerators using both QA tools (CR and Film) ranged between 0.053 mm and 0.069 mm, and the standard deviation was estimated to be within 0.062-0.164 mm. Conclusion: The results infer that the QA done with CR is in good agreement with the film. This study poses new challenges to the researchers, task groups, and the regulatory bodies to estimate the frequency of QAs for the newer and the older machines and also, the onset of frequent QAs, once the machine becomes older.

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