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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 25-28

Cytological pattern of papanicolaou smears and detection of cervical cancers: An experience from a tertiary care center of eastern zone of India


Department of Pathology, S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Asaranti Kar
Department of Pathology, S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack - 753 007, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/oji.oji_15_18

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Aim of the Study: The present study attempts to explore various types of lesion of the uterine cervix and to find target age groups in which screening efforts can be concentrated for early detection of cervical cancers. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out at a tertiary care institute during the period from May 2016 to December 2017. All the previously conducted cervical Papanicolaou (Pap) smears were analyzed and reported as per the 2001 Bethesda system. The data were noted in a structured pro forma and evaluated. Results: A total of 5025 Pap smears were examined. Maximum number of patients was in the age group of 31–40 years (33.25%). Out of 5025 pap smears, 6.60% (332) of cases were found to be unsatisfactory or inadequate samples, 90.97% (4571) cases were reported as negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy, and 2.43% (122) cases had epithelial cell abnormality (ECA). Premalignant lesions such as: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), high-grade intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and atypical squamous cells-cannot exclude HSIL (ASCH), and malignant lesions such as squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were reported under the ECA positive cases. Majority of premaligant lesions found in the age group of 41–50 years and constitute 44.64% (25/56). Whereas, majority of frank malignancy cases found in the age group of 51–60 and >60 years constituting 43.94% and 37.88%, respectively. Among all the ECA positive cases, 54.10% of cases found to be with malignancies. Conclusion: Proper implementation of Pap smear screening examination can decrease the incidence of cancer cervix along with its downstaging by early detection of precancerous lesions.


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