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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-6

Carcinoma of gall bladder: Demographic and clinicopathological profile in Indian patients


1 Department of Medical Oncology and Haematology, Shanti Mukand Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Medical Oncology and Haematology, Army Hospital, Research and Referral, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Nikhil Pathi
Department of Medical Oncology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, Delhi Cantt, New Delhi - 110 010
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/oji.oji_1_18

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Aim of the Study: The aim of this study is to evaluate the demographic and clinicopathological profile of the patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC). Materials and Methods: A total of 68 diagnosed cases of GBC were taken in the study during the study period from January 2016 to December 2017. A detail questionnaire was filled through the counseling to take demographic profile including socioeconomic status, nonclinical characteristics, dietary, and other risk factors apart from clinicopathological profile of patients. Results: We found most of the patients were females with median age 51.8 years. More than half of them were postmenopausal (56.60%), and high parity was seen in 39.62% of females. Obesity was associated factor mainly in females (28/53), and none of the males were obese. Nearly 83.82% (57/68) of patients had advanced stage disease, with metastatic disease in 72.06% (49/68) patients. Majority of the patients had at least two sites of metastasis (73.47%), with liver (57.14%), omentum (40.82%), and nonregional lymph nodes (53.06%) being common sites of dissemination. Bony metastasis, being rare in literature, was found in 6 (12.24%) of patients, most of them developed it later during the disease course. Conclusion: Majority of the patients was female within the age group of 41–60 years, associated with gallstones and had advanced disease. We did not find greater impact of diet on the incidence as vegans and nonvegans were almost equally divided in our study. A high index of suspicion and health education seems to be the only answers available for early detection and improvement of survival.


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